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COVID Case in Your House, What do You do?

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With COVID-19 still present at high levels in the United States and millions of people staying indoors throughout the cooler fall and winter months, scientists say knowing what to do if the virus enters your home is critical.

You can be caring for yourself or loved ones while also attempting to safeguard people around you. But how do you do it, especially if you live in a small space?

What are the recommendations for vaccinated people, who, while better protected against the virus, are nonetheless vulnerable to outbreak infections?

Because of the risk to people with whom they live, experts say it’s vital to isolate those with the virus at home.

Dr. Jennifer Ashton, ABC News’ top medical correspondent, said, “Data does support the fact that household contacts are at higher risk.”

Anyone who has signs of COVID-19, such as fever, cough, or shortness of breath, should be checked with a fast test or a PCR test.

If the test comes back positive, here are six things to keep in mind when attempting to stay safe in a public setting.

1. Create as much space as possible

Although maintaining space between family members can be challenging, there are methods that people can take to reduce the risk as much as possible.

“In an ideal world, [the individual with COVID-19] would have their own bedroom and bathroom,” says Dr. Simone Wildes of South Shore Health, an infectious diseases specialist.

If that isn’t possible, the sick individual should “isolate themselves as much as possible.” The goal is to reduce contact between people in the house as much as possible, to avoid sharing objects, to wash hands frequently, and to keep high-touch surfaces clean.

2. Improve the home’s ventilation

Another important aspect of risk reduction is ventilation.

“If at all feasible,” Ashton advised, “improve ventilation in the house or apartment.” If the weather permits, open the windows as much as possible.

With temperatures in some areas already decreasing, even a gap in the window, according to Wildes, would be beneficial.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends filtering the air in your home either with a central system or by utilising a portable high-efficiency particulate air cleaner. The CDC also suggests that fans be pointed outside to exhaust viral particles.

3. Everyone who can should mask up

According to the CDC, everyone who is capable, especially the person who tested positive, should wear a mask.

Individuals who test positive, even toddlers, are “actively infectious,” according to Ashton, and “may transfer this virus with just simple breathing and talking.” The CDC considers someone infectious if they haven’t had a fever in at least 24 hours and haven’t taken any fever-reducing drugs like acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

Masks with two or more layers of permeable fabric, that completely cover your nose and mouth, fit well on your face, and have a wire over the nose that stops air from seeping out the top are recommended by the CDC. Masks for children should be correctly fitted and not worn by children under the age of two. For certain people with disabilities, there are other exclusions.

4. If possible, designate one person as the caretaker

Any sick individual, but especially a sick child, will require assistance to overcome their illness.

Wildes recommends that one of the parents or guardians be appointed as the caretaker in a two-parent or guardian household to restrict exposure as much as possible. This person should ideally be immunised. This includes giving them over-the-counter pain relievers and making sure they’re getting enough fluids.

When caring for someone who has COVID-19, it’s critical to keep an eye out for warning signals that the condition is progressing. These include difficulty breathing, new perplexity, inability to stay awake or wake up from sleep, or a change in lip, fingernail, or skin colour to pale, grey, or blue.

5. When to quarantine

If you’ve been exposed to a virus, you’ll need to quarantine yourself from the rest of the population. Experts believe it will be determined by vaccination status.

“I believe the most critical factor is immunisation status,” Wildes added. “You would not need to quarantine if you are vaccinated, but you should watch for symptoms if you are not.”

If someone in your home has COVID-19, the last time they were exposed was when they were no longer considered contagious and no longer isolated. Even if you are asymptomatic, the CDC recommends being tested five to seven days after your last exposure for fully vaccinated people.

The CDC recommends quarantining unvaccinated people for 10 days after their last test or symptom, or seven days if they have a negative COVID-19 test but no symptoms.

6. Vaccinate yourself

Finally, the best way to avoid additional illnesses within a household is to ensure that all members who are eligible are vaccinated.

“The best approach to protect ourselves and people around us is still vaccination,” Ashton added. Unvaccinated people are six times more likely to test positive for HIV and more than 11 times more likely to die than those who have been vaccinated, according to the CDC.

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Pfizer to Seek U.S. Nod for Covid Pill after Strong Results

Pfizer Covid-19 Pill
Photo Credit: https://www.axios.com/

Pfizer Inc. claimed that its Covid-19 pill reduced hospitalizations and fatalities in high-risk patients by 89 percent, a finding that could change how coronavirus sickness is handled and the pandemic’s trajectory.

The company said in a statement on Friday (November 05, 2021) that it was no longer enrolling new patients in a clinical trial of the medication “because of the overwhelming efficacy” and that it planned to submit the results to US regulatory authorities for emergency approval as soon as feasible.

As a result of the findings, two intriguing possibilities for treating Covid-19 patients early in the disease’s course have emerged. Merck & Co. and partner Ridgeback Biotherapeutics LP submitted its experimental pill to regulators last month after research showed it cut the risk of serious illness or death in patients with mild-to-moderate Covid-19 by half.

Pfizer shares rose 7% in premarket trade in the United States, while Merck slid 4%.

So long as it’s widely available, a pill that can be taken at home at the first hint of symptoms is a critical weapon for taming the Covid-19 epidemic globally. According to a Pfizer representative, submissions to other regulatory authorities will follow the U.S. file.

When begun within three days or five days of symptom onset, five days of treatment with Pfizer’s medication drastically lowered the likelihood of hospitalization in a trial of 1,219 unvaccinated individuals, according to the company. Paxlovid is a medication that attaches to a protease enzyme and prevents the virus from reproducing. Some HIV medications function in a similar way.

Overall, only 0.8 percent of persons who began treatment within three days after being ill ended up in the hospital, with no one dying, but 7% of people who received a placebo during that time period were hospitalized or died. When the medicine was started within five days of the onset of symptoms, the effects were similar. According to Pfizer, the outcome, which hasn’t been published in a medical publication, was statistically significant.

Acute Deficit

Covid’s current therapy options aren’t optimal. Monoclonal antibodies from businesses like Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Eli Lilly & Co. minimize hospitalizations, but the infusions are difficult to make and must be given in a doctor’s office, putting further burden on healthcare systems.

Other drugs, like Gilead Sciences Inc.’s remdesivir, are used to treat people who are already in the hospital and are much sicker. Dexamethasone, a low-cost steroid that is very effective, is normally only administered to patients who are terminally ill.

Merck has already agreed to allow generic drugmakers to apply for licenses to make its medication for more than 100 low- and middle-income countries, even before it has been approved in the United States. After a quick examination, the United Kingdom’s drug regulators were the first in the world to approve Merck’s medication on Thursday.

Pfizer’s tablet, which works on a different mechanism, now appears to be much more effective in high-risk individuals. Independent observers called the experiment off early due to the magnitude of the effect.

“We are ecstatic that we were able to see such great efficacy in this study.” “It has huge ramifications for patients all throughout the world,” Annaliesa Anderson, chief scientific officer for Pfizer’s hospital’s business segment, which includes antiviral research, said.

Pfizer is also investigating the medicine in standard-risk individuals, a study that included some vaccinated persons who had breakthrough infections, in addition to the current trial in high-risk patients.

In a third major study, Pfizer is looking into whether the drug may be used as prophylactic therapy for those who live with someone who has Covid-19, which would mean taking the drug to avoid contracting the virus.

Molecule from the Past

Pfizer researchers in the United States and the United Kingdom created the pill internally. During the early pandemic shutdowns, the scientists agreed to return to their labs in an effort to manufacture anti-Covid tablets as quickly as possible, according to Anderson. She claimed that company researchers “worked around the clock to design this chemical” in a short amount of time.

They dug up an old experimental antiviral medicine developed by Pfizer during the original SARS outbreak, which was caused by a coronavirus relative to Covid-19 and killed over 800 individuals starting in late 2002. The old medication had to be given intravenously. However, by July of last year, Pfizer researchers had altered the original molecule and created a new chemical that was highly effective in the test tube against Covid-19 and other coronaviruses — and could be taken as a pill.

The Pfizer medicine works by inhibiting a key enzyme required for the Covid-19 virus to proliferate. It’s given twice a day for five days and combined with ritonavir, a second drug that helps the Pfizer chemical stay in the bloodstream longer.

During the pandemic, Pfizer announced it planned to provide the antiviral medication at a tiered price. According to the report, higher- and upper-middle-income countries will pay more than lower-income countries. The pharmaceutical company did not specify how much it would charge.

Pfizer intends to generate more than 180,000 packets of the medicine by the end of this year, and at least 50 million packs by the end of 2022, with 21 million produced in the first half of the year, according to a company representative.

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UK Authorizes Merck Antiviral Covid Pill

Merck antiviral Covid Pill

The United Kingdom has become the first country in the world to suggest molnupiravir, an antiviral tablet created jointly by Merck & Co Inc and Ridgeback Biotherapeutics.

The approval marks the first for an oral antiviral treatment for Covid-19, as well as the first for a community-wide coronavirus illness medication.

“We’re now working across government and the NHS to get this medication to patients as soon as possible,” UK vaccinations minister Maggie Throup told parliament.

Molnupiravir has been suggested by the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) for persons who have mild to moderate Covid-19 and at least one risk factor for severe illness, such as obesity, diabetes in old age, or heart disease.

According to the agency, it will be given as soon as possible after a positive Covid-19 test and within five days of the commencement of symptoms of the viral disease, citing clinical data. It is recommended that you take it twice a day for five days.

The medicine would be given to individuals with a higher risk of complications, according to Professor Stephen Powis, national medical director of the National Health Service (NHS) in England. Powis noted that if the programme is clinically and cost-effective in lowering hospitalizations and deaths, it would be expanded.

The antiviral medication, dubbed Lagevrio in the United Kingdom, targets an enzyme that the coronavirus, which causes Covid-19, uses to renew itself, causing flaws in its genetic code that impede the virus’s capacity to proliferate and take over human cells. Because of this genetic activity, several independent scientists have questioned whether the medicine could trigger mutations that lead to birth abnormalities or tumours.

According to Merck, viral sequencing has indicated that molnupiravir is effective against all coronavirus variations, including the more-infectious Delta, which is responsible for the current worldwide spike in hospitalizations and deaths. The business hasn’t spoken much about molnupiravir’s adverse effects, although it did say that the rates of those issues were comparable between individuals who got the treatment and those who got dummy tablets.

In September, Merck released preliminary results suggesting that its medicine reduced hospitalizations and fatalities in patients with early Covid-19 symptoms by half. The findings, however, have yet to be peer evaluated or published in a scholarly publication.

On November 30, US experts will convene to assess the drug’s safety and efficacy data and decide on whether or not molnupiravir should be approved.

Pfizer and Roche are also vying to make Covid-19 antiviral pills that are simple to take.

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US Officially Recommends Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine for Children Aged 5-11

Pfizer Vaccine

Following a thorough evaluation and approval procedure by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) publicly approved the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for children aged 5 to 11 on Tuesday (November 3, 2021).

“The CDC has formally recommended the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for children aged 5 to 11 years old, following a thorough FDA evaluation and approval procedure. This is good news, and it’s a big step forward for our country in the fight against the virus “US Vice President Joe Biden sent out a tweet.

“It will allow parents to stop worrying about their children for months, and it will minimize the amount to which children spread the illness to others,” the White House said in a statement.

The Biden administration has been working hard for several weeks to be ready for this moment.

“We are prepared to take action. We’ve already secured adequate vaccination supplies for every child in the United States, and we started packing and sending millions of pediatric vaccine doses over the weekend. These doses, which are intended specifically for these younger children, have begun to arrive in thousands of sites around the country “Read the statement carefully.

The initiative will build up over the next few days and be completely operational by November 8th. Parents will be able to get their children vaccinated in tens of thousands of pharmacies, pediatricians’ offices, schools, and other locations.

“We can be confident that immunizations for children will be available, easy, and convenient because of the foundation we’ve laid,” the statement continued.

More than 78 percent of Americans aged 12 and above, including millions of teenagers, have had at least one vaccination, and the immunizations have proven to be extremely safe and effective.

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Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt Vows To Take Biden To Court For Vaccine Mandate

Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt
Source: NBC

Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt Calls Joe Biden’s Vaccine Mandate Unconstitutional

Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt is the latest Republican governor to oppose the vaccine mandate imposed federally by President Joe Biden. He called the move unconstitutional as it violated the personal freedom of people to choose whether they want to take the vaccine or not. Furthermore, Stitt said, “I’ve heard from many Oklahomans who have concerns about President Biden’s vaccine mandate for businesses. I want to address those directly. This action is not just federal overreach. It’s unconstitutional.”

Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt
Source: NBC

Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt Vows To Take Biden To Court

Governor Stitt has already had a word with his state’s attorney general and he is ready to take Biden to court regarding the vaccine mandate. Moreover, he said, “I’ve talked about this with our Attorney General, John O’Connor. And I know he’s on our side. He’s ready to take President Biden to court the second the rules are made public. President Biden’s administration has no respect for individual freedoms.”

Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt
Source: The Oklahoman

Taking Vaccine A Personal Choice, Says Governor Stitt

As far as vaccination is concerned, Stitt thinks it is always a personal choice. He cited his own example and said that he took the vaccine only after consulting his doctor. He said, “I cannot believe we have a president who wants to force Americans to choose between a vaccine and their job. The people this is affecting aren’t just statistics. They’re real Oklahomans with real concerns. They’re brave nurses and caretakers. They’re expecting mothers and fathers. They’re first responders and brave law enforcement. Getting the vaccine is a personal choice. Period.”

I Think The Coercion Is Just Totally Wrong: Florida Governor Ron DeSantis On Vaccine Mandates

Florida Governor Ron DeSantis
Source: Business Insider

Florida Governor Ron DeSantis Opposes Vaccine Mandates

Florida Governor Ron DeSantis is the latest GOP Governor to oppose the vaccine mandate in the US. Biden’s order giving freedom to private companies to issue vaccine mandates for its employees has not gone down well with DeSantis. He revealed how many vaccinated people are also against such mandates as it steps on the personal freedom of Americans. Moreover, he said, “There’s also people that you look … they, a lot of their … you have a certain class of people that are vaccinated. They took it, they wanted to do it, but they object to these mandates as well. And they believe that it should be their own choice, and they don’t want other people to be kind of coerced into doing it.”

Florida Governor Ron DeSantis
Source: Florida Politics

Vaccine Mandate Destroying People’ Trust In Public Health, Says Ron DeSantis

DeSantis thinks forcing people to take the vaccine is not the way forward to tackle this virus. As per him, people’s trust in public health is going down due to such mandates. Therefore, it is necessary to stop such kinds of mandates. Furthermore, he said, “So I think the coercion is just totally wrong. I think it’s destroying trust in public health, to the extent that there was still trust left over after all the stuff that’s been done. But I think it’s really, really negative.”

We Know That Mandates Work: Dr. Anthony Fauci On Vaccine Mandates In The US

Dr. Anthony Fauci
Source: DT Next

Dr. Anthony Fauci Says Federal Government Is Working Hard To Get People Vaccinated

After the Biden administration took over, the pace of vaccination in the US went up. However, it has slowed down in the past few months and things are not going in the right direction. Almost a quarter of the population is yet to take their first dose. President’s medical advisor Anthony Fauci revealed that the federal government is doing everything in their power to persuade people to get vaccinated. Moreover, he said, “We’ve obviously been trying very hard. We try to get trusted messengers out there and try and get this away from being an ideological or political statement, get back into the realm of pure public health, and try to convince people.”

Dr. Anthony Fauci
Source: Healthline

Vaccine Mandates Work, Says Fauci

Vaccine mandates has been a topic of discussion and debate in the US. Dr. Fauci is in favor of such mandates as people are not coming forward to take the vaccine. If the remaining population is not vaccinated, it can lead to another wave in the US. Fauci assured that such mandates work and help in reducing the COVID cases in the country. Moreover, he said, “So, although you’d like people to do it on their own accord, sometimes mandates actually can help in that regard — as sensitive an issue as that is, it is really getting people more vaccinated.”

Governor Greg Abbott Bans Vaccine Mandates In Texas Including The Ones Imposed By Private Companies

Texas Governor Greg Abbott
Source: Rolling Stone

Texas Governor Greg Abbott Bans Vaccine Mandates

Republican Governors have been opposing mandates of any kind ever since the pandemic broke out in the US. Earlier, it was an argument about mask mandates. However, now the argument has expanded after the vaccination program started in the US. Liberals and conservatives are fighting over vaccine mandates now. Biden is pushing for it while Republicans like Texas Governor Greg Abbott are opposing it. Abbott has now passed an order banning all kinds of vaccine mandates in Texas. Moreover, he said, “The COVID-19 vaccine is safe, effective, & our best defense against the virus, but should always remain voluntary & never forced.” The ban includes the vaccine mandate issued by private corporations for their employees.

Texas Governor Greg Abbott
Source: The Irish Times

Greg Abbott Criticizes Joe Biden For Vaccine Mandate

Joe Biden has allowed private companies to issue vaccine mandates for their employees. However, Abbott is not in line with this idea. He criticized Biden for giving such freedom to private companies. Furthermore, he said, “In yet another instance of federal government overreach, the Biden Administration is now bullying many private entities into imposing COVID-19 vaccine mandates, causing workforce disruptions that threaten Texas’s continued recovery from the COVID-19 disaster.” Abbott has been going all out to oppose Biden in every possible manner.

GOP Allen West Running For Texas Governor Vows To Fight Vaccine Mandate After Testing Positive For COVID

Allen West
Source: Houston Chronicle

Allen West Running For Texas Governor Tests Positive For Coronavirus

Republican Allen West who is running for Governor in Texas next year has tested positive for coronavirus. West has not taken even the first dose of the COVID vaccine. His wife, on the other hand, is fully vaccinated. However, even she tested positive for COVID. West revealed that he took the anti-malarial drug hydroxychloroquine and the anti-parasitic ivermectin. Both the medicines were not approved by FDA and CDC for COVID treatment. He also revealed that he and his wife were treated with monoclonal antibodies.

Allen West
Source: The Guardian

Allen West Dedicated To Fight Against Vaccine Mandate In Texas

West has revealed that he will fight against vaccine mandates in Texas with more force after seeing the effectiveness of monoclonal antibodies. Moreover, he said, “After this experience, I am even more dedicated to fighting against vaccine mandates. Instead of enriching the pockets of Big Pharma and corrupt bureaucrats and politicians, we should be advocating the monoclonal antibody infusion therapy.”

Allen West
Source: WFAA

West Vows To Fight Against Vaccine Mandates If Elected As Governor

West has vowed that he would fight against the vaccine mandates in Texas if he is elected as the Governor next year. He said, “As governor of Texas, I will vehemently crush anyone forcing vaccine mandates in the Lone Star State.” West will go head-to-head against current Republican Governor Greg Abbott, who is also a Republican.

After Violating Mask Mandate, San Francisco Mayor London Breed Speaks Against Indoor Masking

San Francisco Mayor London Breed
Source: SFGate

San Francisco Mayor London Breed Calls For A Change In Rules For Mask Mandate

San Francisco Mayor London Breed is not a big fan of the current rules regarding mask mandate. As per the rule, people are expected to mask themselves in indoor spaces. The vaccination status of the individual does not matter and everyone is expected to follow this order. Mayor Breed suggested that a change in this rule is long overdue, “especially in light of so many people being vaccinated and the decline in numbers.”

San Francisco Mayor London Breed
Source: The Mercury News

San Francisco Mayor London Breed Doesn’t Want To Wear Mask While Taking Pictures

Breed has previously criticized the mask mandate rules as it completely disregards the vaccination status of an individual. She does not believe in wearing the mask, especially while taking pictures considering her vaccination status. Previously, Breed said, “When I took a picture, as I do in any case or do an interview, yes I take my mask off when I take a picture. I’m vaccinated. I don’t need to wear a mask to take a picture every single time. I don’t want to.”

San Francisco Mayor London Breed
Source: Getty

Mayor Breed Has No Power To Change The Rules Of Mask Mandate

Mayor Breed does not have the power to make any kind of changes to the mask mandate rules. As per California law, county health officers, who are essentially not elected by the people have the power to issue public health orders during health emergencies. Breed just has to be patient till the county health officers revise the mask mandate.