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Nasa’s James Webb Space Telescope Launched

Nasa Space Telescope Launched

The James Webb Space Telescope, created by Nasa to give the world sight of the cosmos as it existed when the first galaxies formed, was launched by rocket from South America’s northeastern coast early Saturday, ushering in a new age of astronomy.

The breakthrough $9 billion infrared telescopes were taken aloft within the cargo bay of an Ariane 5 rocket that blasted off at about 7.20 a.m. from the European Space Agency’s (ESA) launch facility in French Guiana, hailed by Nasa as the leading space-science observatory of the next decade.

The perfect launch, which included a countdown in French, was broadcast live on a joint Nasa-ESA webcast on Christmas Day.

The £14,000 device was freed from the top stage of the French-built rocket after a 27-minute flight into space, and will gradually unfold to nearly the size of a tennis court over the next 13 days as it floats on its own.

As the Webb was launched, a camera attached to the rocket’s upper stage got live video of it gliding softly away high above the Earth. Webb’s power source was certified functioning by flight controllers shortly later.

The Webb telescope will travel through space for two more weeks before arriving at its target in solar orbit, which is 1 million miles from Earth and four times farther than the moon. As the planet and telescope circle, the sun in tandem, Webb’s unusual orbital route will maintain it in continual alignment with the Earth.

The Hubble Space Telescope, Webb’s 30-year-old predecessor, circles the Earth from 340 miles away every 90 minutes, going in and out of the planet’s shadow.

Webb is around 100 times more sensitive than Hubble and is intended to alter scientists’ knowledge of the cosmos and our place in it. Webb is named after the man who oversaw Nasa for most of its formative decade in the 1960s.

While Hubble has predominantly functioned at optical and ultraviolet wavelengths, Webb will primarily survey the cosmos in the infrared spectrum, allowing it to peer through clouds of gas and dust where stars are created.

The primary mirror of the new telescope, which is made up of 18 hexagonal segments of gold-coated beryllium metal, has a much larger light-collecting area than Hubble’s or any other telescope, allowing it to observe objects at greater distances and thus further back in time than Hubble or any other telescope.

According to astronomers, this will reveal a hitherto unseen image of the cosmos, dating from just 100 million years after the Big Bang, the hypothesized flashpoint that set in motion the expansion of the observable universe 13.8 billion years ago.

Hubble’s observations spanned around 400 million years after the Big Bang when the first galaxies — huge collections of stars, gases, and other interstellar materials — are thought to have formed.

Astronomers are interested in studying super-massive black holes, which are thought to exist in the centers of distant galaxies, in addition to studying the development of the universe’s first stars and galaxies.

Webb’s capabilities also make it perfect for looking for evidence of possibly life-supporting atmospheres around a slew of recently discovered exoplanets – celestial bodies orbiting faraway stars — as well as observing worlds closer to home, such Mars and Saturn’s frozen moon Titan.

Nasa is leading an international effort with the European and Canadian space agencies to build the telescope. The main contractor was Northrop Grumman Corp. The European contribution includes the Arianespace launch vehicle.

Webb was developed at a cost of $8.8 billion, with operational costs expected to increase the total cost to over $9.66 billion, significantly more than Nasa had anticipated when the spacecraft was originally scheduled to launch in 2011.

After around six months of alignment and calibration of Webb’s mirrors and instruments, the astronomical operation of the telescope, which will be managed by the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, is planned to begin in the summer of 2022.

Nasa expects to release the first batch of photographs obtained by Webb at that time. Webb is made to last for up to ten years.

91% Baiting Attacks are Launched through Gmail

Gmail

Scammers are increasingly employing Gmail as a luring tool in order to obtain user information. These attacks frequently include payloads or embedded URLs in emails, and some attackers may include queries that are more likely to elicit a response.

In just one month of September this year, 35 percent of the 10,500 firms surveyed by Baracuda received bait attack emails, according to the research.

According to Barracuda’s analysis, 91 percent of these emails are sent from newly formed Gmail accounts, owing to the widespread belief that Gmail is more authentic and secure. Google’s email service is likewise highly regarded by email security solutions. The software makes it simple for users to create pseudonymous accounts.

Furthermore, attackers utilize Gmail to launch their baits because the platform has the “read recipient” feature, which informs them that their email has been opened even if it has not been responded to.

Users should discard any emails that appear to be phishing attempts and not open themselves up to potential abuse by reading them.

Threat attackers, according to Bleeping Computer, want to make sure the recipient’s email address is valid, active, vulnerable to unwanted emails, and ineffective at identifying spam. Because many of these emails don’t contain any links or attachments, they aren’t considered malicious and can easily slip past phishing defenses.

TikTok Launch Food Delivery Service

TikTok Food Delivery

In the United States, TikTok, a short video website, is apparently aiming to establish its own delivery service including cuisine from viral videos. According to News Media, the firm is preparing to launch TikTok Kitchen, a food delivery service that will take viral culinary videos to the next level.

According to the report, the social network is teaming up with Virtual Dining Concepts to turn meals from popular TikTok videos into genuine dishes that users can order. In 2022, TikTok Kitchen will open in around 300 sites across the United States. According to the company, it already has ambitions to serve over 1,000 places by the end of next year.

Customers will be able to order meals like baked feta pasta, a smash burger, corn ribs, and spaghetti chips that have gone famous on TikTok. It’s unclear whether these items will be permanent on the TikTok Kitchen menu or only accessible for a limited time, according to the article.

The creators will be given credit for these recipes, which will be “presented prominently throughout the relationship,” according to the newspaper. “Proceeds from TikTok Kitchen sales will be used to support the creators who inspired the menu item, as well as to encourage and assist other creators to express themselves on the platform, in keeping with TikTok’s objective to inspire creativity and offer joy to its users,” TikTok said.

TikTok Kitchen, according to the firm, is more about providing fans with delicacies that have gone popular on the internet than it is about TikTok attempting to become a restaurant.

Covid-19: UK Reports First Death with Omicron Variant

Omicron Coronavirus Variant

Prime Minister Boris Johnson revealed during a visit to a vaccination center near Paddington, west London, that one person in the UK has died from the Omicron form of coronavirus.

“Unfortunately, Omicron is causing hospitalizations, and at least one patient has been confirmed to have died as a result of Omicron.” As a result, I believe that this is a milder strain of the virus. That is something I believe we should put to one side and simply acknowledge the rate at which it is spreading throughout the population. So the greatest thing we can do now is collect all of our boosters,” he explained.

Johnson warned of a “tidal wave” of the highly transmissible strain in an urgent broadcast address on Sunday night.

He launched an expanded Omicron Emergency Boost program, which will provide all individuals over the age of 18 with a third top-up dosage of the Covid-19 vaccination.

“I am afraid we are now facing an emergency in our war with the new variation, Omicron,” Johnson said, according to PTI. “We must rapidly fortify our wall of vaccination protection to keep our friends and loved ones safe.”

Sajid Javid, the UK Health Secretary, reaffirmed the message on Monday, saying the Omicron form is “growing at a phenomenal rate” and infections are doubling every two to three days. According to Javid, ten people in England were hospitalized due to the Omicron variety.

Telecom Dept Warns: Don’t Subscribe to Elon Musk-owned Starlink’s Internet Services

Starlink’s Internet Services

The government announced on Friday that Starlink Internet Services is not licensed to provide satellite-based internet services in India, and warned the public not to subscribe to the services promised by the Elon Musk-backed firm.

The Telecom Department further requested that Starlink adhere to the legal framework for providing satellite-based communication services and that it stop from booking or rendering satellite internet services in India “with immediate effect.”

According to a statement from the Telecom Department, Starlink has begun pre-selling/booking satellite-based Starlink Internet Services in India.

The same can be seen on Starlink’s website, where users in Indian territory can book satellite-based internet services, according to the DoT.

“The Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communications, Government of India has stated that ‘Starlink Internet Services’ is not licensed to offer satellite-based internet services in India,” according to an official statement.

In India, a government license is required to provide satellite-based services.

It stated, “It is thus alerted to the general public that the abovementioned company has not secured any license/authorization for offering satellite-based internet services that are being booked on their website.”

“The public is cautioned not to subscribe to Starlink services being marketed,” the notification read because Starlink is not a licensee.

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Kamala Harris First Female Acting President of the US

Kamala Harris

A woman was elected president for the first time in the history of the United States of America, albeit only temporarily. Because of President Joe Biden’s health, US Vice President Kamala Harris was temporarily given power.

According to News Media, the power transfer occurred while Biden was under anesthesia for a regular colonoscopy for one hour and 25 minutes. Harris, the United States’ first female, first Black, and first South Asian vice president, broke even another milestone by becoming the country’s first female president. According to Jen Psaki, White House Press Secretary, Harris worked from her West Wing office while Biden was under anesthesia.

On Friday morning, Biden spoke with Harris and the White House Chief of Staff.

“POTUS was in high spirits and resumed his duties at that time. He’ll stay at Walter Reed until the rest of his normal physical is completed “Psaki sent out a tweet.

According to News Media, Biden, who turns 79 on Saturday (November 20), arrived at Walter Reed Medical Center on Friday morning for his first normal annual medical since taking office. When the president requires anesthetic in the United States, it is customary for the vice president to take presidential duties. While Biden was under anesthesia, Harris served as acting president for “one hour and 25 minutes.”

In a six-page statement released by the White House, Dr. Kevin O’Connor, Biden’s primary care physician since 2009, wrote that Biden “remains a healthy, vibrant, 78-year-old male, who is fit to successfully execute the duties of the Presidency.” Interest in Biden’s health has been high since he announced his presidential run in 2019, and it continues to grow as speculation about a 2024 reelection attempt circulates. His first routine physical test as president, and his first since December 2019, took place at a medical institution in the Washington suburbs.

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For 85 minutes, Kamala Harris became the First Woman with Presidential Power

Kamala Harris and Joe Biden
Photo: AP

According to the White House, President Joe Biden briefly passed power to Vice President Kamala Harris on Friday while he was under anesthetic for a routine colonoscopy for one hour and 25 minutes.

When she temporarily stepped into the acting post, the nation’s first female, first Black, and first South Asian vice president broke yet another barrier. According to Psaki, Harris worked from her West Wing office while Biden was under anesthesia.

“At 11:35 a.m. this morning, @POTUS spoke with @VP and @WHCOS. @POTUS was in high spirits and resumed his duties at that moment. He’ll stay at Walter Reed until the rest of his normal physical is completed “Psaki sent out a tweet.

Biden, who will celebrate his 79th birthday on Saturday, arrived at Walter Reed Medical Center on Friday morning for his first normal annual medical since taking office.

While the president is undergoing a medical treatment that necessitates anesthesia, it is customary for the vice president to assume presidential duties. When then-President George W. Bush had routine colonoscopies, then-Vice President Dick Cheney did so several times.

At 10:10 a.m. ET, Biden sent a letter to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Democratic Senate President Pro Tempore Patrick Leahy of Vermont, formally transferring presidential powers to Harris.

The letter reads as follows: “I’m having a normal medical procedure today that will require sedation. In light of the current circumstances, I have decided to temporarily delegate the rights and responsibilities of the office of President of the United States to the Vice President during the procedure and recovery period.”
The President can send a letter to the speaker of the House of Representatives and the president pro tempore of the Senate declaring that they are “unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President,” according to Section 3 of the US Constitution.

A separate letter was delivered following the procedure to transfer the powers back to Biden.

“In line with the provisions of section 3 of the United States Constitution, I hereby send to you my written declaration that I am able to exercise the powers and duties of the Office of the President of the United States and that I am resuming those powers and responsibilities,” the letter reads.

Biden’s predecessor had a colonoscopy in a covert visit to Walter Reed in 2019 but kept it hidden to prevent ceding presidential power to then-Vice President Mike Pence, according to former President Donald Trump’s ex-press secretary Stephanie Grisham.
Grisham does not use the phrase colonoscopy in her novel “I’ll Take Your Questions Now,” but it is strongly implied that this is what the trip was for. Trump’s hospital visit, which sparked weeks of worry about his health, she claims was a “quite common operation” in which “a patient is placed under.” She also claims that during Bush’s presidency, he underwent a similar operation. Trump did not want then-Vice President Mike Pence to be in authority while he was drugged, according to Grisham, which is one of the reasons he kept his visit secret. According to Grisham, he also “didn’t want to be the punchline of a joke” on late-night television.

Biden is the oldest first-term president in US history, and his medical history was last updated nearly two years ago in December 2019, when his presidential campaign provided a three-page summary of his medical history.
Biden’s main care physician since 2009, Dr. Kevin O’Connor, described him as “a robust, vibrant, 77-year-old male” at the time.
Biden was being treated for non-valvular atrial fibrillation, or AFib, according to the 2019 report, an abnormal heartbeat for which O’Connor claims Biden had no symptoms. He was on Crestor for cholesterol and triglyceride control, as well as Eliquis to prevent blood clots, Nexium for acid reflux, and Allegra and a nasal spray for seasonal allergies.
According to O’Connor, Biden’s most major medical episode occurred in 1988, when he suffered a brain aneurysm. At the time, he was a member of the Senate. During the surgery, surgeons discovered a second aneurysm that had not bled and repaired it as well.

Biden developed deep vein thrombosis and a pulmonary embolism while in the hospital after the procedure. Doctors treated him with an oral anti-coagulant for several months and placed an “inferior vena cava filter” to prevent future blood clots from reaching the heart and lungs.

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Google Maps’ New Feature Warn You about Crowded Places

Google Map

On Wednesday, November 17, Google launched a new feature on Google Maps that provides users with information on congested areas. You can use the tool to see if the area you want to visit is packed or not.

The internet giant’s latest function is expected to aid holiday shoppers. Area Busyness and Directories are included. Users can use Area Busyness, a new feature that combines live busyness trends to assist users easily recognise when a neighbourhood or region of town is approaching or at its busiest, according to Google.

“To help you stay safe, maximise your time with loved ones, and pick that perfect holiday brunch place,” Google wrote in a blog post.

Furthermore, Google is expanding its Directory tab for all airports, malls, and transport stations across the world for Android and iOS. This will allow users from all over the world to quickly navigate enormous structures.

“Now that we have this data, you can instantly identify what types of stores are in a building (such toy stores or jewellery boutiques), airport lounges, car rentals, parking lots, and more,” according to the startup. Also check out:

“And you can view a list of relevant businesses within each category, as well as helpful information like if it’s open, its rating, and what level it’s on,” it added.

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Ancient Olympia Digitally Preserved by Microsoft

Ancient Olympia

The partnership employs artificial intelligence to map the site and augmented reality to aid with the restoration of the Olympic Games’ historic home.

Viewers will be able to tour the area as it was almost 2,000 years ago.

With its own ideas for the so-called metaverse, Microsoft hopes to compete with Facebook.
It just introduced a metaverse for meetings called Microsoft Teams, and it wants to turn Minecraft and other games it owns into more immersive 3D worlds.

People can tour the site remotely or in-person via an augmented-reality mobile app thanks to a partnership with the Greek government. HoloLens headsets may be used to overlay a digital representation of the Olympic Museum in Athens.

Microsoft’s smart glasses for augmented reality HoloLens display information blends with the actual environment, and simulate a virtual world using many sensors, advanced optics, and holograms.

The original Olympic Stadium, the temples of Zeus and Hera, and the workshop of the famed sculptor Phidias are among the 27 sites to be saved.

The structures are as similar to their original forms as feasible and incorporate historical chronology detailing the site’s evolution across time, as well as representations of artifacts from each period.

Digitizing the site

Microsoft worked with technology startup Iconem, which specializes in 3D digitization of historic sites, as part of its AI for Cultural Heritage effort.

After taking hundreds of thousands of images of the location with on-the-ground cameras and drones, Microsoft AI analyzed the images to generate models.

“This technology’s cultural consequences are limitless. For the first time, tourists from all over the world can virtually visit Olympia, the birthplace of democracy, and immerse themselves in history “Kyriakos Mitsotakis, the Greek Prime Minister, declared as much.

“The project to digitally preserve Ancient Olympia is a stunning achievement in cultural heritage, bringing humanity and cutting-edge technology together to benefit the world, and empower future generations with new ways to explore our past,” said Brad Smith, president of Microsoft.

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FBI’s Email System was Hacked to Send Fake Cybersecurity Warnings

FBI Email Hack

According to Bleeping Computer, hackers targeted the Federal Bureau of Investigation‘s (FBI) email systems, sending out hundreds of bogus messages claiming that recipients had been victims of a “sophisticated chain attack.” The Spamhaus Project, a nonprofit organisation that investigates email spammers, first discovered the emails.

The emails falsely allege that Vinny Troia was behind the bogus assaults and that Troia is linked to the notorious hacker gang The Dark Overlord – the same bad guys that released the fifth season of Orange Is the New Black. Troia is a well-known cybersecurity researcher who is the founder of two dark web security firms, NightLion and Shadowbyte.

The hackers were able to send emails to over 100,000 addresses, according to Bleeping Computer, all of which were scraped from the American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) database. Hackers utilised the FBI’s public-facing email system, according to Bloomberg, making the communications appear more official. The headers are authenticated as coming from FBI servers using the Domain Keys Identified Mail (DKIM) process, which is part of the system Gmail uses to stick brand logos on verified corporate emails. Cybersecurity researcher Kevin Beaumont also attests to the email’s legitimacy, stating that the headers are authenticated as coming from FBI servers using the Domain Keys Identified Mail (DKIM) process, which is part of the system Gmail uses to stick brand logos on verified corporate emails.

The FBI issued a statement about the incident, stating that it is a “ongoing situation” and that “the impacted hardware has been taken offline.” Apart from that, the FBI claims it has no additional information to disclose at this time.

The spam effort was most likely carried out in an attempt to discredit Troia, according to Bleeping Computer. Troia speculates in a tweet that the attack was carried out by a person known only as “Pompompurin.” According to Bleeping Computer, the same person has allegedly tried to harm Troia’s reputation in the past in similar ways.

Pompompurin is also linked to the event, according to a revelation by computer security reporter Brian Krebs, who claims the man messaged him from an FBI email address after the attacks were launched, saying, “Hi, its pompompurin.” Check the email’s headers; it’s coming from an FBI server.” Pompompurin told KrebsOnSecurity that the breach was intended to draw attention to security flaws in the FBI’s email infrastructure.

In a statement to KrebsOnSecurity, Pompompurin claimed, “I could’ve 1000 percent leveraged this to send more legit-looking emails, fool corporations into passing over data, etc.” The person also told the outlet that they took advantage of a security flaw on the FBI’s Law Enforcement Enterprise (LEEP) portal and used a one-time password embedded in the page’s HTML to sign up for an account. Pompompurin claims they were able to change the sender’s address and email body from there, allowing them to carry out the large spam campaign.

With that level of access, the attack may have been far more serious than a false alarm that alerted system administrators. President Joe Biden approved a bug repair earlier this month, requiring civilian federal entities to patch any known threats. Following the devastating attacks on the Colonial Pipeline and SolarWinds, Biden signed an executive order in May aimed at improving the nation’s cyber defences.

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