Personal CyberSecurity is an important topic, but do you know why? We live in a digital age where data is the most important thing. We need to realize that private information is more at risk than ever. We hear a lot about cases of identity theft and data breaches that affect millions of consumers. Wanna Cry ransomware locked up millions of computers two years ago. You can help protect companies and institutions’ data from hackers and other cybercriminals, just like they do. Cybersecurity is important not just for businesses, but also for home computers, cell phones, and tablets.

1. Self-awareness Role and Warning

Personal Cyber Security Tips
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Even so, programmers and software makers take great care to protect the end users, but your Personal CyberSecurity is like the lock on your front door. Even though many police want to keep you safe, you should also lock your own door. As well, everyone is responsible for cybersecurity.

You should take care to keep your mind sharp. Most problems with Personal CyberSecurity can be solved by staying up to date on the latest hacking and malware trends. Cyberthreats often succeed because people don’t know or don’t care about some simple security tips.

2. Understanding the Nature of the Cyberworld and Digital Identity

Personal Cyber Security Tips
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You have more digital identities on the internet than you do in the real world. In the cyber world, you need to enter your digital identity in the form of credentials to prove that you own the device or account. It’s important to keep these credentials safe. It looks like your real name, face, voice, national identification card, etc.

So, attackers have won if they know your cyber world credentials, which are usually your username and password. They will be able to see your private messages and photos on social media, as well as information about your bank account and your money.

3. Turn on Automatic Updates for Security

Personal Cyber Security Tips
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Every application and software on your devices, from the operating system (Windows, Android, Mac, etc.) to the browser extension, should be set to auto-update.
By updating software, new features can be added, bugs can be fixed, and critical security holes that hackers use to attack can be closed.

Even though the growing number of cyber threats is scary, if you keep all of your software up to date, you’re almost halfway to safe computing and internet browsing.

On top of that, you need to keep your antivirus and firewall programs up to date. This has been common knowledge for a long time on PCs, but it’s only recently become recommended for smartphones, even though installing antivirus software isn’t required like it is in Windows OS.

By keeping protection software up to date, you can make sure it’s up to date with the latest trends in cyberattacks. This keeps your data safe from attacks that could damage or steal it and keeps your devices safe from new malicious files and viruses.

Antivirus software isn’t just for home computers; it’s also used in business.

4. Avoid Sharing and Clicking on Unknown Links

Personal CyberSecurity Tips
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Malicious software could get on your device if you click anywhere on a website without looking into its legitimacy or if you download an attachment from an email without knowing who sent it. It could be an infected URL that installs ransomware and locks you out of your files until you pay the hacker money.
Also, it’s a good idea to install some browser plugins that stop scripts or Java from being automatically downloaded. Flash plug-in content, on the other hand, can contain malicious code.

In terms of sharing, you shouldn’t tell anyone your password or other sensitive information. Also, don’t give anyone your one-time SMS code when you use multifactor authentication, which uses multiple types of credentials like your face, fingerprint, and an SMS code sent to your phone.

For instance, if an attacker asks you for this code so they can join your Whatsapp group, don’t give it to them.

In general, experts said that sharing is not caring, not just for your credentials but also for a lot of your personal information. It’s best to share as little personal information as possible on social media. Also, check your privacy settings on all of your social media accounts, especially Facebook.

5. Avoid Using Easy-to-Remember Passwords

The password should be easy to remember, but this makes it easy to find!
Attackers use software that looks up words in a dictionary to try millions of possible passwords and the most common ones. Please stay away from those top 200 easy passwords that are easy to find. Also, don’t use your name, family name, birthday, or anything else personal as a password. Hackers can look into your life in ways you might not expect.

How do you make a password that is easy for you to remember but hard for hackers to figure out? It would be best to make a password that is hard to guess but easy to remember. For instance, if you take the first letters of some quotes, you get a new word that isn’t in the dictionary. Then add some numbers and symbols to it to make it more powerful.

Also, the password should be long. And it would help if you had a different password for each login, so you need a software called “Password Manager.” It lets you log in to all your accounts with just one long password, which is called the “Master Password.”

6. Be Wary of Deceiving Social Engineering Techniques

Most of the time, marketing and politics use social engineering. But it is sometimes used for hacking and tricking people online. By getting you to trust them enough to give them some of your credentials, they trick you into giving them access to your information. It’s easier now that I have a smartphone.

check that a hacker hasn’t put anything on your social media
Since people started using smartphones, the number of cyberattacks has gone up recently.

Social engineering scams are not based on weaknesses in technology, but on how people act. Social engineering has been around since the beginning of time, but computers and smartphones make it easier to do. But we shouldn’t be afraid to use digital technology as long as we know how it works.

Be aware of your own hidden biases to avoid being manipulated by Social Engineering. For example, you might get an email that says you need to respond quickly within 24 hours to get your inheritance and that you must give them your password or send them money or your password. Another time is when they use your respect for a person in charge, like the police or your boss, to get you to give them your password. In any case, you should never tell anyone the password.

7. Always Download Apps from Reputable Software Stores

Make sure you download apps and software for your computer from the original websites. Stay away from ones that have been changed or cracked. When you double-click the installing (EXE) file, Windows will show you a message telling you who made the software.

If the message is blue and the name of the sender is given, it’s fine. But if the name of the publisher is unknown and the message is yellow, you shouldn’t install this software from an unknown publisher. It could be malware, which could hurt your data.

Make sure you only install apps on your phone from official stores like Google Play, Samsung Store, and the App Store. And don’t let apps be installed from sources other than the app store.

When you get an email or click on a URL, you should check the domain name and the email address of the sender. For instance, you might open a URL that looks like a real Facebook website. But if you look in the domain box above, you might see something like “facebook.example.com.” This is not Facebook’s original domain name. You might find something else, like facebook.com; notice that there is a different letter (o) here. The same thing goes for the email address.

The goal of these fake websites and email addresses is to trick and phish you. If you use the fake Facebook URL to log in, the hacker on the other side will get your username and password and hack your Facebook account. In the case of the fake email, they might try to get you to send them money or give them important information by saying they are from Google’s security team, Paypal, etc. So, check the email sender address carefully.

9. Differentiate Backup and Cloud Sync

Even before the Internet became popular, backing up was an important Cybersecurity measure. It keeps a copy of your sensitive data or even the whole system and software on an external disc or in the cloud. You can get your data back if it gets damaged or hacked, or even if the device just crashes.

There are many kinds of backup software and hardware, but the best one is an automatic backup. Some of them work on your local device and store backups on an external disc, which doesn’t need a fast internet connection.

Some others will upload your files to the cloud, but you should know that cloud sync is not a backup. Instead, it is a copy of your files and data. So, if you change it or delete it on your device, it will also be gone from the cloud. But some cloud services allow you to get your files back.

10. Learn about Wi-Fi Security

Personal CyberSecurity Tips
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Most people love to use free Wi-Fi in public places.

When you use it, keep in mind that it makes it easy for hackers to steal your private information or even get into your phone or computer. You can use it to watch videos or look around the internet in general, but don’t use it to log in to any of your accounts.

In more advanced situations, you might be surprised to find that your smartphone is still connected to your home Wi-Fi router even when you are far away from home. Be very careful, because it could be a nearby fake Wi-Fi network with the same name and password as your home Wi-Fi. It wants to get inside your smartphone. Some people may think that they are still connected to the same home Wi-Fi router, but that can’t be the case when they are far away.

Conclusion

You should now know some of the basics of Personal CyberSecurity for your own use. You should think ahead about how to deal with them, and as long as you stay awake and keep your security tools and knowledge up to date, you should be mostly safe.

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